UN Security Council Statements on Burma
The members of the Security Council condemned the reported killing of at least 35 people, including four children and two staff of Save the Children, in Kayah State on 24 December. They stressed the need to ensure accountability for this act.
The members of the Council called for the immediate cessation of all violence and emphasized the importance of respect for human rights and of ensuring safety of civilians. They stressed the need for safe and unimpeded humanitarian access to all people in need, and for the full protection, safety and security of humanitarian and medical personnel.
The members of the Security Council expressed deep concern at the sentencing of State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi and President Win Myint and others. They reiterated their calls for the release of all those who have been arbitrarily detained since 1 February 2021.
The members of the Security Council once again stressed their continued support for the democratic transition in Myanmar and underlined the need to uphold democratic institutions and processes, refrain from violence, pursue constructive dialogue and reconciliation.
The members of the Security Council expressed deep concern at further recent violence across Myanmar. They called for an immediate cessation of violence and to ensure the safety of civilians.
The members of the Security Council underlined the importance of steps to improve the health and humanitarian situation in Myanmar, including to facilitate the equitable, safe and unhindered delivery and distribution of COVID-19 vaccines.
The members of the Security Council reiterated their full support for the Association of Southeast Asian Nations’ (ASEAN) positive and constructive role in facilitating a peaceful solution in the interest of the people of Myanmar and their livelihoods.
The Security Council reiterated its deep concern at developments in Myanmar, strongly condemned the violence against peaceful protestors and called for the immediate release of all those detained arbitrarily.
The Security Council expressed its continued support for the democratic transition in Myanmar, and reiterated its strong support for regional organisations, in particular the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), and to the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General on Myanmar.
The Security Council continued to call for safe and unimpeded humanitarian access to all people in need, and for the full protection of the rights of minorities, especially Rohingya refugees and internally displaced persons.
The members of the Security Council expressed deep concern at the declaration of the state of emergency imposed in Myanmar by the military on 1 February and the arbitrary detention of members of the Government, including State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi and President Win Myint and others. They called for the immediate release of all those detained.
The members of the Security Council emphasized the need for the continued support of the democratic transition in Myanmar. They stressed the need to uphold democratic institutions and processes, refrain from violence and fully respect human rights, fundamental freedoms and the rule of law. They encouraged the pursuance of dialogue and reconciliation in accordance with the will and interests of the people of Myanmar.
The members of the Security Council expressed concern at the restrictions on civil society, journalists and media workers. They also called for safe and unimpeded humanitarian access to all people in need, including through the re‑establishment of United Nations relief flights.
Recounting the haunting stories of Rohingya refugees they met during a recent mission to Bangladesh and Myanmar, Security Council members described mass rapes, attacks on children and the razing of entire villages, stressing that the visit had “awakened their collective conscience” into robust and concerted action.
Members of the Security Council visited Bangladesh and Myanmar as part of its efforts to address the crisis since 25 August 2017 and urge implementation of its presidential statement of 6 November 2017.
Members of the Security Council were struck by the scale of the humanitarian crisis and remain gravely concerned by the current situation.
Calling on the Myanmar Government to end the excessive military force and intercommunal violence that had devastated the Rohingya community in Rakhine State, the Security Council urged the implementation of agreed‑upon mechanisms to assist return of those who have fled and to ensure access for humanitarian aid.
The members of the Security Council express serious concern at the conviction and sentencing of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and its political impact.
They note the decision of the Government of Myanmar to reduce Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s sentence and urge it to take further measures to create the necessary conditions for a genuine dialogue with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and all concerned parties and ethnic groups in order to achieve an inclusive national reconciliation.
The members of the Security Council express their concern about the political impact of recent developments relating to Daw Aung San Suu Kyi.
The members of the Security Council reaffirm, in this context, their statements of 11 October 2007 and 2 May 2008 and reiterate the importance of the release of all political prisoners.
Noting the announcement of a free and fair referendum on a draft constitution in May 2008 and elections in 2010, the Security Council underlined the need for the Government of Myanmar to establish the conditions and create an atmosphere conducive to an inclusive and credible process, including the full participation of all political actors and respect for fundamental political freedoms.
The Security Council regretted the slow rate of progress so far towards meeting the objectives set out in its presidential statement of 11 October 2007.
Council members underscored the importance of further progress, noting that an early visit to Myanmar by Mr. Gambari could help facilitate this.
The Security Council welcome the follow-up mission of the Secretary-General's Special Adviser to Myanmar, Ibrahim Gambari, and the recent positive developments in Myanmar.
They stress the need for the Government of Myanmar to create conditions for dialogue and reconciliation by relaxing, as a first step, the conditions of detention of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and by pursuing the release of political prisoners and detainees.
Welcoming the recent mission by the Secretary General’s Special Adviser to Myanmar, the Security Council stressed the need for the Government of Myanmar to create the necessary conditions for a genuine dialogue with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and all concerned parties and ethnic groups in order to achieve an inclusive national reconciliation with the direct support of the United Nations.