This report by Arakan Oil Watch exposes how a planned Chinese industrial zone is threatening the livelihoods of tens of thousands of people in Arakan State as well as Burma’s second largest mangrove forest.
The 120 sq km Kyauk Phyu Special Economic Zone, planned around the terminals of the trans- Burma natural gas and oil pipelines, will evict up to 40 villages, while many fear the impacts of toxic waste and pollution from petrochemical and metal industries. China’s construction of the pipelines and a deep seaport has already caused large-scale land confiscation in Kyauk Phyu.
The US$109 billion project involves China’s CITIC Group, Japan’s Nippon Koei and Burma’s Htoo Trading, but no comprehensive project plans have been presented by the government to affected communities or local politicians.
The project also includes an 800 km railway and highway from Arakan State to Yunnan, expanding the pipeline corridor across Burma. China will build and operate the railway for 50 years before handing over control to Burma’s government.
Arakan Oil Watch is calling for community consultations, stringent regulations, and laws to protect the people and environment before projects such as the Kyauk Phyu Special Economic Zone go ahead.