The Women Peace Network – Arakan (WPN-A) urgently calls upon the international community, including ASEAN governments, to act immediately to save and protect the Rohingya women and children who are currently trapped at sea. WPN-A also calls for urgent action to address the root causes of the humanitarian disaster faced by Rohingya women within Myanmar and in the region, and demands a halt to discriminatory policies and practices by the government of Myanmar.
Rohingya women and children have traditionally been vulnerable to discrimination, human rights violations and severe deprivation. The intensified threats since the anti-Rohingya violence of 2012 have put them in an even more desperate situation. This is evidenced by the increasing number of women and children who are compelled to risk their lives to flee Rakhine State in unseaworthy boats without any guarantee of safety or means of survival. Before 2012, it was extremely rare to see women and children amongst Rohingya boatpeople. Since then, there has been a significant rise: at least 20% of the people currently stranded in the Malacca Straits are women and children.
These women and children have been driven to desperation because of the inhumane conditions they face in IDP camps and other parts of Rakhine State, where they remain under segregation. In April, Rakhine State authorities announced they had confiscated over 300,000 temporary IDs, depriving their owners of access to most basic services. Rohingya children face several forms of deprivation, including being denied birth certificates since 2012 and having limited access to education.
The Myanmar government has escalated this humanitarian crisis via increasingly restrictive policies, practices and legislation. For decades, authorities have committed violence targeting Rohingya and other Muslim minorities, including widespread sexual violence against Rohingya women and girls. The government has gone further in fuelling religious intolerance and discrimination through the introduction of the controversial ‘National Race and Religion Protection’ bills, which, if signed into law, will restrict religious, marital, and reproductive freedoms.
The Myanmar authorities’ denial of Rohingya citizenship and identity, as well their active involvement in trafficking Rohingya people, is the root cause of this humanitarian disaster.
We call on ASEAN governments and the international community to demand that the Myanmar government fulfill their responsibility to protect. We also call on the Myanmar government to comply with various women, peace and security resolutions, including UN Security Council Resolution 1325. Myanmar also has obligations through the UN Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), both of which it is party.
We urge the ASEAN governments and the international community to act swiftly to address the growing humanitarian crisis unfolding in the Southeast Asian seas to prevent further unnecessary loss of life and suffering.
About Women Peace Network – Arakan (WPN-A)
Founded in 2012 by former political prisoner and Rohingya activist Wai Wai Nu, WPN-A is involved in peace engagement in Arakan State, offers political empowerment training targeting youth from different religious and ethnic backgrounds, focusing on diversity and tolerance.
Active Citizenship Foundation of the Philippines
Ain O Salish Kendra, Bangladesh
Alternative ASEAN Network on Burma, Thailand
American Jewish World Service , USA
ASEAN Parliamentarians for Human Rights
Asia Justice and Rights, Indonesia
Asia Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect, Australia
Asian Circle 1325, Philippines
Association of Human Rights Defenders and Promoters, Myanmar
Association of War Affected Women in Sri Lanka
Autonomy Foundation, Poland
Banteay Srei, Cambodia
Buku’s Gender, Sexuality and Human Rights Classroom, Thailand
Burma Action Ireland
Burma Campaign UK
Burma Rohingya Organization UK
Burma-Initiative, Stiftung Asienhaus , Germany
Center for Community and Development, Indonesia
Channel Foundation, USA
Charles Hector, Malaysia
Christian Solidarity Worldwide, UK
Free Burma Campaign South Africa
Genocide Alert, Germany
Genocide Watch, USA
Global Centre for Responsibility to Protect, USA
Global Justice Center, USA
Global Network for Reproductive Rights, Philippines
Human Rights Institute of South Africa
Info Birmanie France
Insan Foundation Trust, Pakistan
International Coalition for the Responsibility to Protect, USA
Kachin Peace Network, Myanmar
Kishwar Sultana, Pakistan
Knights for Peace, International, Philippines
Malaysians Against Death Penalty and Torture
Nagorik Uddyog (Citizen’s Initiative for Human Rights), Bangladesh
Network for Democracy & Development, Burma
Other Space Foundation/Projekt Birma, Poland
Peace Institute of Cambodia
People’s Empowerment Foundation Thailand
Research for Social Advancement of Malaysia
Rohingya Community Ireland
Society for Appraisal & Women Empowerment in Rural Areas, Pakistan
South Asia Forum for Human Rights, India
TENAGANITA Women’s Force, Malaysia
The Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies – Concordia University, Canada
Unitarian Universalist Service Committee, USA
Urgent Action Funds for Women’s Human Rights , USA
US Campaign for Burma
Vietnam Committee for Human Rights, France
VIVAT – International, Indonesia
William Nicholas Gomez , UK
Women in Governance, India
Yayasan Mandiri Kreatif Indonesia
Yayasan Transformasi Lepra Indonesia
Youth for Peace Cambodia